What is a Wildlife Conservancy?

A conservancy is Land set aside by an individual landowner, body corporate, group of owners or a community for purposes of wildlife conservation (Wildlife Act 2013).

Following the enactment of the Wildlife Act, wildlife conservation is now a recognized form of land use.

History of Wildlife Conservancy

In the early 1970s, the first non-state protected areas, later to be referred to as Conservancies were established by private and community landowners. Solio ranch, Taita Hills sanctuary, Kimana wildlife sanctuary and Ol Chorro Oiroua ranch were among the pioneers.

During the mid and late 1990s, majority of current community and private conservancies were established. Although majority of these conservancies were individual initiatives, the Policy environment created by Kenya Wildlife Service and the support by Conservation organization and tourism investors provided a platform for Conservancies to develop.

Benefits from Conservancies ranging from improved security, better land management, income, employment and support to community projects have encouraged the growth of conservancies to over 140 spread across 22 Counties covering over 7.5 million acres.

The term 'Conservancy' is now legally defined by Wildlife Act 2013

What is the Status of Wildlife Conservancy

  • Over 140 private and community conservancies
  • Conserving Over 7.5 million acres of land
  • Located in 22 counties

Legal recognition of conservancies, harmonization of standards and provision of incentives is vital for conservation of wildlife on private and community land in Kenya.


Download Kenyan Conservancies Maps Below

Kenya Wildlife Conservancies 2016
PDF 7.50MB

Amboseli Region Conservancies 2016 - Amboseli Ecosystem Trust (AET)
PDF 1.56MB

Athi Kapiti Region Conservancies 2016 - Athi Kapiti Wildlife Conservancies Association
PDF 1.55MB

Laikipia Region Conservancies 2016 - Laikipia Wildlife Forum
PDF 1.68MB

Maasai Mara Wildlife Conservancies Association
PDF 1.80MB

Coast Region Conservancies 2016 - Northern Rangeland Trust (NRT) Lamu Conservation Trust
PDF 1.14MB

Northern Region Conservancies 2016 - Northern Rangeland Trust (NRT) 2016
PDF 1.89MB

Rift Lakes Region Consevancies 2016 - Rift Lakes Conservancies Association (RLCA)
PDF 2.52MB

South Rift Region Conservancies 2016 - South Rift Association of Land Owners (SORALO)
PDF 1.75MB

Tsavo Region Conservancies 2016 - Taita Taveta Wildlife Conservancies Association (TTWCA)
PDF 1.66MB


Our Mission

To work with landowners and communities to sustainably conserve and manage wildlife and their habitat outside formal protected areas for the benefit of the people of Kenya.

Our Vision

A Kenya in which people and wildlife coexist in mutual benefit.