This report provides a comprehensive synthesis of the wildlife dispersal areas and migratory corridors in Kenya’s rangeland and coastal terrestrial ecosystems. It explicitly identifies and maps wildlife habitat connectivity and associated conservation issues and concerns. It also suggests salient recommendations on strategies for securing the dispersal areas and migratory corridors within the specific context of different regions and landscapes.
Kenya’s wildlife is the envy of the world and a key economic asset for the country and the
region. Wildlife is an important driver of economic development and provides irreplaceable cultural and social value to the people of Kenya. For example, the highest returns from wildlife based tourism and photography was in 2011 and it contributed $1.16 billion to national revenue, translating to about 13.7 % of the gross domestic product and generating more than 10% of national formal sector employment.
This summary shares key highlights about Kenya’s wildlife conservancies today. It is based on the 2016
status report, which was prepared by Kenya Wildlife Conservancies Association (KWCA) as part of the
implementation of the USAID-Kenya funded Community Conservancy Policy Support program (CCSP)
implemented by The Nature Conservancy (TNC) and KWCA.
Since the emergence of the first conservancies in the 1970s, conservancies have grown in number and their institutional complexity broadened beyond wildlife conservation and tourism to include peace and security, livestock management, land and natural resources management. More recently conservancies are demonstrating impacts as a platform for securing rural community livelihoods, developing social infrastructure, promoting peaceful co-existence and building community resilience to environmental shocks.
Conservancies are Kenya’s response to the challenges of poaching, human-wildlife conflict, land degradation and rising poverty. They are based on the premise that given the necessary support, incentives and policy framework, communities and Land-owners can be the stewards of wildlife conservation working together with Count and National Government to protect and benefit from a healthy and productive environment. Since the first few Conservancies began in the 1990s their scope and institutional complexity has grown far beyond just wildlife conservation and tourism to include peace and conflict resolution, land management, income generation, employment, community cohesion and community-led development.
The Kenya Wildlife Conservancies Association (KWCA) is a national membership organization that serves the interests and represents the collective desires of Kenyan communities and private landowners living with wildlife.
We believe that with the right laws, incentives, support, information and experience, conservancies have the potential to transform local livelihoods and conservation eforts for Kenya. Our role is to help make this happen.
Kenya Wildlife Conservancies Association (KWCA) was formed in 2013 in order to provide a national, landholder-driven organization to coordinate, represent, support, and champion the growing assortment of conservancies and to strengthen their role in conservation and economic development.
This document presents Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for wildlife scouts (also referred to as Conservancy rangers, game scouts, or community rangers) employed in wildlife conservancies, wildlife sanctuaries, regional
associations, community wildlife associations, and conservation NGOs, operating on community or private land in Kenya.
87 wildlife conservancies in Kenya occur on community land. This accounts for 65% of conservancies in the country and cover an area of 15 million acres. With two thirds of land in the country occurring on communally held land and with majority of wildlife being on these landscapes, the opportunity for growth of conservancies is immense.
A conservancy manager doesn’t necessarily need to be a conservation expert, he or she needs to have passion, be a good listener, a lover of wildlife, and be a good community mobiliser.